Animals can be amazing things. Their unique and sometimes magical ways of evolving to their environments has inspired and enthralled humans for generations now, with new discoveries and observations raising our interest levels to new heights. But some of the very best evolutionary examples are lost on humans, purely because those who wield them are so remote, tucked away in the corners of the globe. Below are some of the most remote, and some of the most wonderful, creatures that roam this planet.
Despite looking strikingly like something from a Jurassic Park film, the first thing to say about the Moloch Horridus is that it is actually rather harmless. Built to thrive in its specialist environment in the Australian outback, this creature has capillaries that allow water to flow across its scaly body and into its mouth.
Only recorded for the first time in 1996 by the legendary Sir David Attenborough, the features of this bird are quite simply remarkable. Featuring a blue crown, green breast, some of the most striking plumage in the animal kingdom, its moustache-liked twirled tail feathers make it look like it has come straight out of a fantasy. It is found only on two of the most remote islands in the world, located deep in the heart of Indonesian Papa New Guinea.
Only just recently discovered, the Brookesia Micra is the world's smallest chameleon. At full height, this tiny lizard will only grow to around 1.2 inches which makes it right at home in the cracks of rocks where it finds shelter. Only found on an equally tiny island called Nosy Hara off the northern tip of Madagascar, it is one of the hardest to find animals in the world.
One of the strangest and most bizarre animals around, the Texas Blind Salamander is an interesting point between cute, and slightly unnerving. Only finding its home in the constant pitch darkness of the water-filled caves in County Hayes, Texas, its choice of total blindness and lack of skin pigments might seem like an odd development. However, the Texas Blind Salamander has proven to be a skilled hunter in its environment; hunting mainly small snails, it makes use of its ability to sense pressure waves in the dark water.
Seperated for millions of years from their oceanic relatives, these Golden Jellyfish have made themselves a home in the remote Pacific Island chain of Palau, a marine lake on the island of Eil Malk. Unlike their more famous relatives, these jellyfish have, for the most part, lost their sting and instead rely on their symbiotic relationship with a type of algae that lives alongside it. Relying on the algae for photosynthesis, their constant following of the sun has led to a now famous path for potential visitors to watch.
Found exclusively in the high trees of Papa New Guinea's Huon Peninsula and resembling more of a teddy bear than anything else, the Matschie tree kangaroo is as cute as it is remote. Just like other kangaroos, the mothers carry their young in the famous pouch on their front and all of these adorable animals live off the leaves the region provides.
Perhaps surprisingly, this inclusion is one of the potentially most harmful animals in this entire list. Harbouring a poisonous neurotoxin, this amphibian is capable of delivering a blow that could trigger seizures and paralysis. It is only found in Costa Rica's dense Osa Peninsula.
Only ever found in Ethiopia in the heart of Africa, this primate is one of the most visually striking of any in the world. With both male and female Gelada's sporting a triangle of red bare skin on their front, the males distinguish themselves with stunning light brown manes around their head. Spending most of the day in the fields eating grass, the Gelada's make their home in the nearby cliff faces.
Splitting from its fellow land ancestors some six million years ago or so, this pink Iguana resides solely in a twenty-five kilometre space atop of Wolf Volcano in the Galapagos Islands. Easily one of the rarest animals on the planet, the pink iguana's numbers are falling dramatically each year due to the abundance of feral cats found on the island.
A rather strange and quirky animal, the pebble toad is obviously known for its tough exterior and deep black colour. Only found high in the highlands of Venezuela, atop flat topped mountains known as 'islands in the clouds', the pebble toad is the very definition of evolution. Hunted by predators such as tarantulas, the pebble toad has gained the ability to safely throw itself down the mountains without inflicting harm on itself.
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