- The DACH region comprises Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, representing one of the most advanced and diverse markets in the world.
- E-commerce is a dominant industry within the DACH countries, each with its own unique trends and customer behaviors.
- Logistics and delivery networks are incredibly efficient, ranking these nations among the best performing markets in the EU.
- Payment preferences significantly differ from the English-speaking world, with options like open invoices being more popular.
What is the DACH Market?
The acronym DACH stands for Deutschland (Germany), Austria, and Confoederatio Helvetica (Switzerland). Essentially, the DACH region refers to German-speaking countries in Europe. These nations are known for their strong economies and high standards of living. Let’s delve deeper into what sets each country apart, especially in the realm of e-commerce.
Dissecting E-commerce in the DACH Region
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Germany: The E-commerce Powerhouse
Germany’s economy constitutes approximately 4.54% of the global economy, making it one of the largest markets in Europe for e-commerce. In 2018, the e-commerce sector in Germany was worth 65.10 billion euros—an increase of 11.4% from the previous year. Online marketplaces are the dominant channel, contributing 30.62 billion euros to this total.
Among various categories, fashion, consumer media, and electronics are the most shopped-for online products. With over 175,000 online stores, Germany represents 21% of all e-commerce shops in Europe.
Top Online Stores: Amazon, Otto, Zalando
High-Growth Categories: Furniture & Appliances
Austria: Small but Mighty
Austria may be small, but its robust economy and increasing online user base make it a vital part of the DACH market. Out of 7.5 million internet users in Austria, nearly 5.2 million are online shoppers. The country has experienced exponential growth in its number of online retailers—now at about 9,000—and the volume of e-commerce sales reached 4.3% of total retail sales in the country.
Top Online Stores: Amazon, Zalando, Universal
High-Growth Categories: Food & Personal Care
Switzerland: A Unique Contender
Switzerland has an exceptionally high internet usage rate, with 95% of the population online. In 2017, the country recorded 7.4 billion euros in online sales. Surprisingly, Swiss consumers often opt for foreign websites, and cross-border purchases increased by 23% in 2017.
Top Online Stores: Digitec, Zalando, Amazon
High-Growth Categories: Travel
Logistics and Parcel Delivery: The Backbone of E-Commerce
Transportation and logistics are both the drivers and the results of burgeoning e-commerce in the DACH region. Efficient logistics are critical to success in online trading. Carriers like Deutsche Post DHL have invested more than 750 million euros in expanding their delivery networks, especially in Germany.
The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) ranks Germany, Austria, and Switzerland among the best in the world, making them prime locations for e-commerce businesses.
Payment Preferences in the DACH Region
Payment methods in DACH countries differ significantly from the card-dominant culture in English-speaking markets. Here’s a look:
In Germany, nearly 80% of customers prefer open invoices. This preference exists because the method offers a more secure and convenient payment experience.
PayPal and E-Wallets
One in three people use PayPal or other e-wallet solutions, particularly in Germany where mobile commerce is on the rise.
Third-Party Bank Transfers
Though less popular than other methods, third-party bank transfers like Giropay and SOFORT still occupy a significant share of the market.
Credit/Debit Cards vs. Cash
Unlike the rest of the world, only 25% of Germans have a credit card. Moreover, numerous physical stores in Germany are still cash-only.
The DACH region is a vibrant and diverse market with unique opportunities and challenges. Each country—Germany, Austria, and Switzerland—offers its own set of consumer behaviors, market trends, and economic structures. From the thriving e-commerce sector to the intricacies of payment preferences, understanding the DACH market can be complex but rewarding.
Whether you are a seasoned business professional or a newcomer looking to explore opportunities, this comprehensive guide should serve as a valuable resource in understanding the multifaceted DACH market.