- While guardrails have been the standard for many years, they may not be sufficient for complete fall protection on scissor lifts.
- The use of an approved fall arrest system has emerged as a corrective measure to manage fall hazards.
- Determining the right anchor point is vital for an effective fall arrest system on a scissor lift.
- Fall arrest systems should be accompanied by competent training programs.
- A dual protection approach is recommended, wherein workers should have two systems or lines of defense against falling.
The Scissor Lift: A Ubiquitous Tool with Persistent Risks
Scissor lifts have become an indispensable piece of equipment in diverse industries, such as construction, retail, and manufacturing. Despite continuous enhancements in materials and safety since its inception in the 1970s, the risk of falls from these lifts remains a significant concern. OSHA’s top 10 serious violations list features falls from heights prominently, and these falls continue to be a leading cause of fatalities in the construction industry.
While the scissor lift design incorporates a guardrail, which is deemed an acceptable form of fall protection by the American National Safety Institute (ANSI), there still exists the possibility of a worker falling through the space below the midrails or over the top rail. These scenarios underscore the importance of reassessing scissor lift fall protection measures.
Moving Beyond Guardrails: Fall Arrest Systems
To mitigate these fall hazards, experts have recommended the use of fall arrest systems as an additional safeguard. These comprehensive systems include an anchor point, connector, body support, and mechanisms for prompt rescue.
The anchor point’s location is a crucial consideration when installing a fall arrest system on a scissor lift, as it directly affects the efficiency of the fall protection system. If the guardrail doesn’t meet the required anchor strength, it undermines the entire system. It is therefore essential to have an approved fall protection anchor point clearly marked on most scissor lifts to ensure a properly rated anchor point is used.
Harnessing Technology: Lightweight Self-Retracting Lifelines (SRLs)
Recent advancements in fall arrest system technology have introduced lightweight Self-Retracting Lifelines (SRLs). These versatile devices attach to the approved anchor point in the lift and significantly reduce the fall distances required by traditional shock-absorbing lanyards. With weights as low as 1.6 pounds, they can be directly attached to the worker’s harness, making them convenient and comfortable. SRLs offer worker mobility and engage a locking mechanism in the event of a fall, drastically improving scissor lift fall protection.
Training: A Crucial Component of Fall Protection
Simply providing the necessary equipment is not enough; an adequate and competent training program is critical in creating a safe work environment. Such a program should ideally blend theoretical education with practical, hands-on demonstrations. It should ensure that all workers demonstrate proficiency in hazard recognition and have a clear understanding of how to use fall protection.
Prioritizing Dual Protection in Scissor Lifts
While guardrails and fall arrest systems form crucial components of scissor lift fall protection, a dual protection approach is imperative. This means that all workers should have two systems or lines of defense against falling. Simply placing employees in a scissor lift with guardrails is not enough; it’s vital to incorporate a fall arrest system as well.
Conclusion: Proactive Measures for Enhanced Safety
Despite the advancements in safety measures and technology, falls from heights continue to pose serious risks. Scissor lifts, widely used across industries, demand continued attention to their safety measures. The use of guardrails, while essential, needs to be complemented by fall arrest systems to ensure maximum protection against falls. Moreover, effective training programs and the adoption of a dual protection approach are indispensable to enhance overall workplace safety. Only through such proactive measures can we continue to protect our workforce, improve productivity, and save lives.