- New Orleans hosts a myriad of buildings with significant historical, architectural, and cultural value.
- Structures such as the Mercedes-Benz Superdome, St. Louis Cathedral, and the Cabildo embody the city’s unique architectural style and history.
- The architectural diversity in New Orleans is demonstrated by buildings influenced by French colonial, Creole, Neoclassical, and Gothic styles.
- Many of these iconic buildings have been repurposed and serve various functions today, including as museums, event spaces, and homes.
- These architectural landmarks underline New Orleans’ resilience, often having been restored after hurricanes and decay.
1. Unfolding the Architectural Pageant: A City Resplendent in Style and History
Tucked within the American South, New Orleans is a city brimming with architectural marvels. Each of these buildings holds stories that weave through centuries, encompassing narratives of resilience, cultural celebration, and historical significance. New Orleans’ iconic structures range from a building with a futuristic design reminiscent of a UFO to classic Gothic cathedrals.
2. Mercedes-Benz Superdome: An Architectural Marvel
The Mercedes-Benz Superdome stands as a testament to innovative design. This building, created by New Orleans architect duo Curtis & Davis, opened its doors in 1975. Its UFO-like structure distinguishes it as the world’s largest fixed domed structure. This modernist marvel adds a strikingly unique silhouette to New Orleans’ skyline.
3. The Majestic St. Louis Cathedral
A symbol of resilience, the St. Louis Cathedral is among the oldest cathedrals in the United States. Rebuilt in 1789 after the original structure was razed in the Great New Orleans Fire of 1788, the cathedral’s interior is a showcase of stunning stained glass windows and frescoes painted in 1872 by Erasmus Humbrecht.
4. The Cabildo: A Cornerstone of Colonial History
The Cabildo, a cornerstone of colonial history, was the seat of the colonial government and the site of the Louisiana Purchase transfer ceremonies in late 1803. Artist William Woodward led a campaign to have the historic building preserved and restored when it had fallen to decay in 1895.
5. The Presbytere: A Harmonious Counterpart
Designed in 1791 to match the Cabildo, the Presbytere served as the Louisiana Supreme Court. This harmonious pairing between the Cabildo and the Presbytere is a reflection of New Orleans’ dedication to aesthetic consistency.
6. New Orleans Museum Of Art: A Monument to Fine Arts
The stately facade of New Orleans’ oldest fine arts museum anchors City Park. The neo-classical, Beaux Arts-style building opened its doors in 1911 as the Isaac Delgado Museum of Art, attracting art lovers and architecture enthusiasts alike.
7. Piazza D’Italia: A Tribute to the City’s Italian Heritage
Piazza D’Italia, a structure designed by architect Charles Moore and Perez Architects, is a tribute to the contributions of the city’s Italian immigrants. Despite its initial struggle to resonate with the local community, the whimsical structure, completed in 1978, now thrives as an events venue following its 2018 renovation.
8. Doullut Steamboat Houses: A Unique Fusion of Styles
Constructed in 1905, Paul Doullut, a steamboat captain, designed a home in the Holy Cross neighborhood resembling the steamboats he guided up and down the river. An identical home was built in 1913 for his son. These homes blend Japanese pagoda style and ornate Gothic features, a mix likely influenced by the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis.
9. Algiers Courthouse: A Romanesque Legacy
Constructed in 1896, the Algiers Courthouse, built in a Romanesque style, is the third-oldest courthouse in continuous use in Louisiana. Its enduring usage underscores the effectiveness of the architectural style and the commitment of the city to preserve its heritage.
10. Lakefront Airport: A Nod to the Art Deco Era
Lakefront Airport, an Art Deco wonderland designed by T. Sellers Meric and Benedict Cimini, was once the primary commercial airport of New Orleans. After its restoration in 2013 following Hurricane Katrina’s floods, it now serves private, corporate, and military flights and hosts a range of events, including many “Great Gatsby”-themed parties.
11. Old Ursuline Convent: A French Colonial Jewel
The Old Ursuline Convent, the oldest building in the Mississippi River Valley, completed in 1752, stands as the oldest surviving example of the French colonial period in the United States. This historical treasure now houses the Archdiocesan archives, a museum, and an herb garden.
12. Pitot House: A Glimpse into Creole Colonial Architecture
The Pitot House, an 18th-century Creole colonial country home, now serves as the headquarters for the Louisiana Landmark Society. Named for New Orleans mayor James Pitot, the house boasts a “parlor garden” dating back to the late 18th century.
13. Gallier Hall: Neoclassical Grandeur
Originally intended to be the city hall of New Orleans, Gallier Hall was designed by architect James Gallier Sr. and opened in 1853. This three-story marble Neoclassical building stands as one of the most significant structures built during the city’s antebellum period.
14. Pontalba Buildings: Historic Parisian-style Apartments
The Pontalba Buildings, located at 500 St. Ann Street and 500 St. Peter Street framing Jackson Square, were constructed in the late 1840s by the Baroness Micaela Almonester Pontalba. Truman Capote described these Parisian-style row houses as the “…oldest, in some ways most somberly elegant, apartment houses in America.”
15. Beauregard-Keyes House: A Blend of Creole and Greek Revival Styles
Built in 1826, the Beauregard-Keyes House combines elements of a Creole cottage with Greek Revival features, including a Palladian facade. This home, designed by François Correjolles, is a testament to the city’s diverse architectural influences.
16. The Degas House: An Impressionist’s Haven
The Degas House, built in the early 1850s by architect Benjamin Rodriguez, is the only home of the French Impressionist painter open to the public. This house underscores the city’s rich connection to art and history.
17. Longue Vue House & Gardens: A Classical Revival Masterpiece
The Longue Vue House and Gardens, a Classical Revival style home built in 1939, sprawls across eight acres of lush gardens. Designed by architects Platt & Platt and Ellen Biddle Shipman, this house is a serene oasis amidst the bustling cityscape.
18. New Canal Lighthouse: A Beacon of Resilience
The New Canal Lighthouse, constructed in 1838, stands as a symbol of resilience. It was heavily damaged during Hurricanes Katrina and Rita but was restored in 2013 and is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
New Orleans’s architectural landscape, with its mix of historical and contemporary influences, is undeniably rich and diverse. Whether it’s the distinctive Creole cottages, the grandeur of Neoclassical buildings, or the elegance of the Greek Revival style, every building tells a unique story of the city’s past and its evolution over time. Visitors and locals alike have much to explore and appreciate in the architectural treasures that give New Orleans its distinct identity.